The U.S. Department of State – in a report to Congress not made public – said the unionist government was slow to implement key commitments made under the 2018 agreement and failed to meet milestones on time.
“Ten years after independence, South Sudan remains a highly fragile nation plagued by weak governance, pervasive insecurity, fiscal mismanagement and widespread corruption,” the report reads.
South Sudan gained independence from Sudan in 2011 but fought two years later when forces loyal to President Salva Kiir and a former rebel leader, now First Vice-President Riek Machar, joined forces. tackle the capital.
The bloodshed turned into a civil war that killed 400,000 people.
The two main camps signed a peace agreement in 2018, but hunger and deadly fighting are still rampant in the country.
While the 2018 peace agreement in South Sudan ended the worst violence in this war, analysts say there are a number of unresolved issues, such as a blockade of national military reunification, which could push the country together into a generalized conflict. .
According to the Department of State report, the government lacks control and transparency in the management of public finances and has a weak capacity to manage South Sudan’s oil – dependent budget, which leads to large – scale and insufficient corruption. transparency there.
He warned that governance failures are a major driver of national and sub-national violence and called for lasting reform, transparency and accountability.
The Embassy of South Sudan Washington did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
The report also warned that Washington would continue to cut costs to those who perpetuate the conflict. The United States has already imposed sanctions on individuals and entities over the conflict in the country.
The report noted that national and international entities are purchasing oil products from South Sudan without recognizing the “link between corrupt minority practices and the continuation of subnational violence”, and officials from the State Department and Treasury departments said regular coordination of corruption in the country’s oil sector.
The report also warns that the humanitarian situation in South Sudan, where a large proportion of the population is internally displaced and more than half of them suffer from severe food insecurity, is deteriorating and exacerbated by severe flooding.